Largely practiced in hospitals, internal medicine focuses on seriously ill patients that have multiple diseases. These types of physicians specialize in preventing, detecting, and treating adult diseases. They can specialize in different areas such as cardiology, immunology, infectious disease, oncology, and more. Internists are physicians of internal medicine and can provide screens and order diagnostic testing to assist in the treatment of diseases.
Life-long diseases will often be seen by the same internist throughout the individual’s life for treatment and monitoring. Long term illnesses like Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease are monitored by internists which require management of medication and lifestyle changes to prevent further illness