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Pulmonary disease is a medical specialty that focuses on the diseases that affect the respiratory system.
A doctor that specializes in conditions that affect the lungs is known as a Pulmonologist. They are trained to diagnose and treat conditions and diseases that affect all the organs and tissues that are involved in breathing.
The pulmonary system contains the nasal cavity, oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, epiglottis, trachea, lungs, to name a few.
Pulmonary disease is a branch of internal medicine and is closely related to intensive care medicine. Pulmonologists use tests to diagnose respiratory conditions and diseases. Blood tests, x-rays, CT’s, MRI’s, pulmonary function tests, to name a few.
Some common conditions the pulmonologist treat are COPD, emphysema, asthma, sleep apnea, Black Lung, to respiratory failure. Treatments for respiratory conditions vary as much as the tests do. Treatments range from oral medications, antibiotics, oxygen therapy, inhalers, nebulizers (aka-breathing treatments), to mechanical ventilation(aka-ventilator or life support).
With the specification of internal medicine, then this type of pulmonologist only treats adults. Their primary work location is in hospitals, clinics, rehabilitation facilities, and private practice.