Orthopedic surgeons that are specialized in the spine and related diseases are referred to as spinal surgeons. This type of surgeon can diagnose and treat individuals with spinal disorders. Spinal disorders present in all ages and an array of causes. Some spinal diseases and conditions include spinal stenosis, scoliosis, herniated disc, degenerative disc disorder, fracture of the vertebrae, and sciatic nerve disorder.
Many of these conditions can occur due to accidents on the job, such as herniated disc due to improper lifting mechanics, or car accidents, like whiplash to the neck. A spine surgeon uses diagnostic tools to diagnose a problem and will provide treatment via non-surgical or surgical. Often, if conservative methods are not effective, a surgical approach may be necessary. Spine surgeons are involved in the care of the individual before, during, and after the procedure, with education and referral to other disciplines to assist in recovering.